A synthetic anti-Frizzled antibody engineered for broadened specificity exhibits enhanced anti-tumor properties.
MAbs. 2018 Sep 05;:
Authors: Pavlovic Z, Adams JJ, Blazer LL, Gakhal AK, Jarvik N, Steinhart Z, Robitaille M, Mascall K, Pan J, Angers S, Moffat J, Sidhu SS
Secreted Wnt ligands play a major role in the development and progression of many cancers by modulating signaling through cell-surface Frizzled receptors (FZDs). In order to achieve maximal effect on Wnt signaling by targeting the cell surface, we developed a synthetic antibody targeting six of the 10 human FZDs. We first identified an anti-FZD antagonist antibody (F2) with a specificity profile matching that of OMP-18R5, a monoclonal antibody that inhibits growth of many cancers by targeting FZD7, FZD1, FZD2, FZD5 and FZD8. We then used combinatorial antibody engineering by phage display to develop a variant antibody F2.A with specificity broadened to include FZD4. We confirmed that F2.A blocked binding of Wnt ligands, but not binding of Norrin, a ligand that also activates FZD4. Importantly, F2.A proved to be much more efficacious than either OMP-18R5 or F2 in inhibiting the growth of multiple RNF43-mutant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cell lines, including patient-derived cells.
PMID: 30183492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]