Structural Templating of J-aggregates: Visualizing Bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate domains in live cells.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2017 Aug 24;:
Authors: Mo GCH, Yip CM
Identifying the key structural and dynamical determinants that drive the association of biomolecules, whether in solution, or perhaps more importantly in a membrane environment, has critical implications for our understanding of cellular dynamics, processes, and signaling. With recent advances in high-resolution imaging techniques, from the development of new molecular labels to technical advances in imaging methodologies and platforms, researchers are now reaping the benefits of being able to directly characterize and quantify local dynamics, structures, and conformations in live cells and tissues. These capabilities are providing unique insights into association stoichiometries, interactions, and structures on sub-micron length scales. We previously examined the role of lipid headgroup chemistry and phase state in guiding the formation of pseudoisocyanine (PIC) dye J-aggregates on supported planar bilayers [Langmuir, 25, 10,719]. We describe here how these same J-aggregates can report on the in situ formation of organellar membrane domains in live cells. Live cell hyperspectral confocal microscopy using GFP-conjugated GTPase markers of early (Rab5) and late (Rab7) endosomes revealed that the PIC J-aggregates were confined to domains on either the limiting membrane or intralumenal vesicles (ILV) of late endosomes, known to be enriched in the anionic lipid bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate (BMP). Correlated confocal fluorescence - atomic force microscopy performed on endosomal membrane-mimetic supported planar lipid bilayers confirmed BMP-specific templating of the PIC J-aggregates. These data provide strong evidence for the formation of BMP-rich lipid domains during multivesicular body formation and portend the application of structured dye aggregates as markers of cellular membrane domain structure, size, and formation.
PMID: 28844737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]